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Karstquelle Blautopf in Blaubeuren (HHV Laichingen)

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 Geological highlights - Geotopes

The Swabian Alb has a beautyful karstic landscape, unique fossil sites, volcanic vents and even a meteorite crater to offer and is one of the most various and spectacular Geopark worldwide. The geological highlights take you to special places of the Swabian Alb and give a first insight into the "Geopark adventure". Below a selection of most important geotopes are listed.

Lenningen valley head

In geologically young times the valley Lenninger sharply incised into the Swabian Alb. Today
the valley with three springs starts at a distance of 9 km from the Northern escarpment of the Alb...

Lenningen valley head

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Ipf in Bopfingen (Ostalbkreis)

Ipf Bopfingen

From whatever direction you approach Bopfingen, the 668-metre high conical mountain known as the Ipf soon catches the eye - it is Bopfingen's landmark. 

Ipf Bopfingen

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Teufelstorfelsen Gammertingen

Devil´s gate Gammertingen

The geotope Devil's Gate is a remarkable natural monument between Gammertingen and Hettingen.

Devil´s gate Gammertingen

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Ofterdinger Schneckenpflaster (Reiner Enkelmann)

"Ofterdinger Schneckenpflaster" (Ofterdingen Snail Slab)

In the stream bed of the Steinlach in Ofterdingen, there are giant fossil ammonites and oyster shells, the so-called Ofterdingen snail slab.

"Ofterdinger Schneckenpflaster" (Ofterdingen Snail Slab)

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Gauinger Steinbruch

Gauingen marble

The characteristic Gauingen travertine is excavated in Gauingen quarry. Due to its robust quality yet fine structure, it has been used as a construction material for

Gauingen marble

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Höllstern spring

The Höllstern spring in Gutenberg has its source between the permeable bedded limestone and the impermeable marl on the footslope...

Höllstern spring

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Donautal bei Immendingen (Reiner Enkelmann)

Seepages of the Danube

Between Immendingen and Möhringen as well as near Fridingen, water from the Danube seeps down into the river bed over a large area. The water

Seepages of the Danube

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Randeck Maar

The Randeck Maar is probably the most important trace of the Swabian volcano. It is the largest crater in the Urach-Kirchheim volcanic area, measuring

Randeck Maar

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Squatina Acanthoderma aus dem Nusplinger Plattenkalk (Naturkundemuseum Stuttgart)

Nusplingen platy limestone

The well-known Nusplingen platy limestone and the scientific excavation of the outstandingly preserved fossils found here are the focus

Nusplingen platy limestone

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Oberes Donautal mit Eichfelsen (Reiner Enkelmann)

Danube breakthrough – upper Danube valley

Between Fridingen and Sigmaringen, the Danube breaks through the Swabian Alb. This has led to the formation of one of the most beautiful landscapes of Baden Württemberg

Danube breakthrough – upper Danube valley

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Hausener Wand (Lkr. Göppingen)

"Hausener Wand"

The "Hausener Wand" is a cliff in the upper Fils valley near Bad Überkingen, which towers up to a height of 250 m. It presumably arose at the end

"Hausener Wand"

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Heldenfinger Kliff (Gemeinde Gerstetten)

Heldenfinger Kliff

The Heldenfinger Kliff is a part of the cliff-lined coast of the Tertiary Sea which existed 15 million years ago. The persistent impact of the waves chiselled

Heldenfinger Kliff

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Lonetopf (Gemeinde Lonsee)

Lonetopf Lonsee

The "Lonetopf" is the source of the small River Lone. The karst spring is 6 m deep and has a diameter of 10 m. Its water flows at a rate of 220 litres per second on average.

Lonetopf Lonsee

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Visitor mine Aalen

Take the mine railway 400 metres under the surface to the sites where iron ore used to be mined. Multimedia show and an 800-metre guided tour through the interesting tunnels, shafts and passageways. www.bergwerk-aalen.de

Filsursprung (Gemeinde Wiesensteig)

Source of the Fils, Wiesensteig

The source of the Fils is a karst spring near Wiesensteig. The Fils rises in a dry valley, the Hasen valley, at 625m above sea level. The source of the Fils

Source of the Fils, Wiesensteig

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Steinerne Jungfrauen im Eselsburger Tal (Reiner Enkelmann)

Eselsburger Valley

In the nature reserve Eselsburger valley the river Brenz flows in a 5 km long loop around  the mountain Buigen.

Eselsburger Valley

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Teufelsloch Bad Boll (Gemeinde Bad Boll)

"Teufelsloch" (Devil's Hole) Bad Boll

The area around the "Teufelsloch" is designated as a nature reserve. Characteristic for this region are the deep-channelled chasms and streams,

"Teufelsloch" (Devil's Hole) Bad Boll

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Aachquelle (Freunde der Aachhöhle e.V.)

Karst Spring of the Aach

The Aach spring is Germany's most prolific natural spring. The large amounts of water which surface here, mostly come from the Danube

Karst Spring of the Aach

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Schopflocher Moor

Schopflocher Moor

The Schopflocher Moor is a special landscape feature of the Swabian Alb's karst area. It owes its formation to a layer of clay which accumulated water

Schopflocher Moor

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Meteorkrater Steinheimer Becken (Eberhard Stabenow)

Meteorite Crater Steinheim am Albuch

This area of land was shaken by the impact of two meteorites 15 million years ago. They have left behind one crater in the eastern Alb in Steinheim and

Meteorite Crater Steinheim am Albuch

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Mössinger Bergrutsch (Armin Dieter)

Mössingen landslide

The largest landslide ever to take place in Baden-Württemberg occurred at the Mössinger Alb Escarpment in 1983.

Mössingen landslide

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Seeburg tuff bar

In the centre of Seeburg, the upper part of a tuff bar is visible which used to act as a natural dam in the Fischbach stream and created a reservoir measuring up

Seeburg tuff bar

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Kugelmühle Neidlingen (Stefan Metzler)

ball mill Neidlingen

In Neidlingen a water driven ball mill produces balls and marbles made of local Jura marble. Thus, already at the time of our great-grandfathers balls and marbles were made.

ball mill Neidlingen

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Uracher Wasserfall

Urach Waterfall

The Urach Waterfall can be found in the middle of the Maisen valley, on the edge of Bad Urach. It is probably the most beautiful waterfall in the

Urach Waterfall

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Karstquelle Blautopf (HHV Laichingen)

Blautopf

The Blautopf – a karst spring of infinite beauty. Its unique location in Blaubeuren's rocky valley basin has made it one of the most popular tourist attractions

Blautopf

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Spielburg (Reiner Enkelmann)

Spielburg Göppingen-Hohenstaufen

The Spielburg is a slumped limestone rock formation on the south-western slope of the Zeugenberg mountain near Hohenstaufen bei Göppingen.  This

Spielburg Göppingen-Hohenstaufen

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Lauterquelle in Gomadingen (Gemeinde Gomadingen)

Spring of the River Lauter

The River Lauter rises from a karst spring in the middle of an idyllic park surrounded by old monastery walls in Offenhausen. The Lauter flows into

Spring of the River Lauter

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Gallusquelle Veringenstadt-Hermentingen (Gemeinde Veringenstadt)

Gallus Spring

After the Aachtopf spring the Gallus spring ist the strongest spring of the western part of the Swabian Alb. It is located in Lauerttal, a beautiful tributary of the Danube valley.

Gallus Spring

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Brenztopf bei Königsbronn (Reiner Enkelmann)

Source of the Brenz, Königsbronn

The source of the River Brenz is a 4-m deep, clear, blue-green lake with a mighty rock jutting out over the water. The water flows into the lake at a rate

Source of the Brenz, Königsbronn

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"Binsenlache" (rush tarn) in the Hasental, Pfulb

The tarn (Binsenlache) is a valuable biotope which serves as a refugium for endangered ora and fauna which is therefore designated as a „Natural monument“...

"Binsenlache" (rush tarn) in the Hasental, Pfulb

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Sinter terraces of the Weiße Lauter

The riverbed of the Lenninger Lauter between Gutenberg and Brucken is covered by some meters of calcareous sinter. Along cascades, as here at the river Weiße Lauter, sinter terraces and sinter basins are formed...

Sinter terraces of the Weiße Lauter

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Funnel doline in the Hasental

The funnel doline is a karstform of the Swabian Alb. This kind of doline is defined as a solution doline which develops when carbondioxide rich water is temporarily retained inside fractures or depressions in Upper Jurassic rocks...

Funnel doline in the Hasental

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